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Beau Adams
Beau Adams

Keeping It Real [TOP]

Agent Lila Black is a cyborg operative for Earth Security, six years after the quantum bomb fractured reality and allowed elves, fairies, demons and other magical creatures access to the Earth. Agent Black is assigned to protect the first Elven rock star, Zal, whose decision to live amongst humans and 'go native' has been met with considerable animosity amongst his own people. Black has to protect Zal from death or capture whilst uncovering secrets that threaten the relationships between the realms.

Keeping it Real

Infinity Plus praised its "well-written characters, witty dialogue and, in this case, tons of popcultural references", particularly commending Robson for having addressed "the sheer weight of extensive prosthetics and how it must feel when the servos quit working", but faulted the extent to which "the fast-paced narrative gets muddled by a lot of elven intrigue, which is difficult to follow and which didn't engage [the reviewer's] interest enough to really try."[3]

Historians lacking in programming skills can assist in other ways. For example, we can help demystify deepfakes by showing that earlier technologies, from the printing press to photographs, engendered similar concerns. In each case, observers worried that new technologies would undermine not only historical evidence but also the very concept of testimony itself, and in each case, they were proven wrong. (Whether we believe our reassurances is another matter.) We can also apply our research skills toward questioning, verifying, and contextualizing the provenance of any given video. Ironically, we may also be called upon to vouchsafe the physical archives, distinguishing genuine artifacts from fake ones. In short, we need to actively protect the historical record if we hope to keep it real.

Non-traditional laboratory animal models. There are many examples in the literature in which non-traditional animal models have been highly informative for our understanding of immunology19. For several decades the chicken has been used to study immunology, sexual development, and developmental biology of the limbs, nervous system and brain20. Indeed, with the exception of mice and humans, arguably the most thoroughly characterized immune system is that of the chicken. The easy accessibility to the chicken embryo has aided our understanding of immune system development and was fundamental in delineating the T cell-dependent and B cell-dependent arms of the adaptive response. Studies of the thymus have provided information about T cell maturation (reviewed in Ref. 21), and the analysis of the bursa of Fabricius has informed our understanding of B cell development and function22. Furthermore, the first interferon (IFN) was discovered in the chicken23. Other animals have also provided a wealth of knowledge concerning aspects of immunity and human disease. Natural bovine tuberculosis infection in cattle has been used as a model for human tuberculosis, and cattle are the reservoir for Mycobacterium bovis, which can be transmitted to humans24. Similarly, ferrets are widely accepted as an excellent model for influenza infection: they are naturally susceptible to infection with human influenza viruses, and the disease pathology that they develop resembles that of humans infected with influenza25. Another example is the woodchuck: these animals are a good model for studying hepatitis B virus (HBV) because they can be infected by the woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV), which is closely related to HBV. Natural infection of woodchucks by WHV produces chronic liver disease and primary hepatocellular carcinoma, which are similar to the diseases induced by HBV in humans (reviewed in Ref. 26). Finally, studies of Tasmanian devil facial tumour disease and canine transmissible venereal tumour have helped us to understand the role of the immune system in shaping tumour evolution and have provided insights into the crucial roles of MHC genes (reviewed in Ref. 27).

In the summer of 2000 CBS launched a wilderness and competition reality show called "Survivor." The show became a monster hit with more than fifty million viewers watching the finale, ratings only second to Super Bowl. That summer and that show forever changed many aspects of the television industry. Reality TV had been around for years, but with "Survivor" it began a period of lightening fast development, growth, and influence. During the past decade, many different reality shows have emerged and this research categorizes those shows into four sub-genres that it is argued all reality shows during this time could fit into. Those genres, and the hybrids of them that are still emerging, will play a huge part in how television in the future is created, financed, and produced. In addition, reality TV and all its genres have expanded what is considered acceptable as scripted and unscripted broadcast content in less than 10 years. The implications this has had and will continue to have on the television industry are numerous and important to understand if one is to recognize where television programs are headed in the future. This detailed history gives a much needed glimpse into the people, the programs, and the processes that went into creating one of the most dominant and influential formats of television programming today and in the future.

This article presents the findings of a literature review on authentic assessment and forms part of a collaborative research project by lecturers from diverse disciplines in a large higher education institute. Assessment is an integral part of the learning process and alternative methods of assessment, including authentic assessment, can have many benefits for the learner. They can encourage active student learning, improved achievement and greater retention of information, while also providing students with valuable real world experiences in a safe, supportive environment. Greater student involvement with peers and the wider community, along with the development of essential graduate attributes may also be achieved through authentic assessment methods. Challenges may be encountered in the form of student resistance, working with large groups and resource and time constraints. However, the literature indicates that these challenges can be overcome with careful planning, preparation and student consultation. A guidance template, in the form of an infographic, which outlines a number of steps has been developed from the literature. It is hoped that this template will demystify the process and will encourage lecturers to introduce methods of authentic assessment into their teaching, by providing a straightforward and clear guide to the process and what it entails. Such a template could also potentially be used to facilitate and encourage collaboration across disciplines.


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